举办 在伊利哈姆·阿利耶夫总统的赞助下，由尼扎米·甘贾维国际中心主办， 第九届全球巴库论坛 在“全球世界秩序的挑战”的口号下，于 16 月 XNUMX 日开始。
Nizami Ganjavi 国际中心联合主席 Ismail Serageldin 在第 9 届全球巴库论坛开幕式上说：
我叫 Ismail Serageldin，是 Nizami Ganjavi 国际中心董事会的联合主席。 我们非常荣幸地欢迎您参加第九届全球巴库论坛的开幕式。 在第一次会议上，我很荣幸请阿塞拜疆共和国总统伊利哈姆·阿利耶夫总统阁下发言，为第九届全球巴库论坛发表主旨演讲，论坛随即开始。 阁下。
非常感谢。 早上好。 亲爱的朋友们，女士们，先生们，
尊敬的 Nizami Ganjavi 国际中心的联合主席。
我欢迎大家，并感谢今天与我们在一起。 第九届全球巴库论坛今天开幕，我相信讨论将一如既往地富有成效，因为我们有很多观众。 Nizami Ganjavi 国际中心的成员和参加论坛的嘉宾我相信，我相信他们会就全球舞台上最紧迫的问题进行非常开放和真诚的讨论。 我相信，讨论和意见交流将有助于制定新的方法来解决全球议程上的首要问题。 在活动期间，Nizami Ganjavi 国际中心转变为解决全球问题并成功融入广泛国际社会的领先国际机构之一。 我们昨天与董事会成员会面，我获悉在第九届论坛上，我们有来自近 9 个国家的高级代表。 这是一年多以前的事了。 因此，这表明了我们讨论的吸引力。 这表明需要这个平台并且它非常有用。 它具有非常重要的实际影响，我相信这些天将在巴库以及周日在舒沙讨论的内容对决策者来说很重要。 因为今天可能比以往任何时候都需要制定新的方法。 我要感谢 NGIC 的联席主席 Madame Vike-Freiberga 和 Mr. Serageldin 为中心和全球论坛的转型做出了杰出贡献，我认为它们现在在国际论坛中名列前茅。 我还要感谢董事会所有成员在这一转变中所发挥的积极作用。 当我谈到新方法时，很明显，自从我们去年 XNUMX 月在古鲁斯坦宫会面以来，世界已经发生了变化。 这种变化是根本性的。 到目前为止，我们有不可预测的后果，但很明显，世界将会不同，而且已经不同了。 因此，讨论、交换意见，有时甚至是不同意见的矛盾，这就是制定新方法所需要的。 当然，每个国家都应该为此做出贡献，首先是在安全措施方面，因为安全问题现在已成为国际议程上的首要问题。 同时，我确信需要就欧洲当前局势进行公开讨论。 全球巴库论坛是一个很好的平台。 这是一个包容各方的论坛，汇集了来自不同方面的意见，我认为它应该是这样的。 因为我们都需要密切合作，以使世界更加安全。 同时，我也确信议程上的问题之一是主要国际机构的作用，主要金融机构在应对粮食危机中的作用，因为这是不可避免的，而且是已经在隔壁，国际组织和主要国家也应该照顾移民潜在增长的情况，这将是粮食危机的后果。 如果我们在这里加上能源市场的情况，这是一个非常不可预测的情况，这也会导致生产者和消费者之间的差距，这对生产者来说也是一种风险。 如果有人认为石油和天然气生产国对这些高价非常满意，那是错误的评估。
所以，所有这些都是新的挑战。 我现在所说的话与六个月前坐在这个地方所说的话完全不同。 它表明一切都可以改变，一切都在变化，没有什么是稳定的。 当然，作为阿塞拜疆总统，我致力于解决与我国安全和解决卡拉巴赫冲突有关的问题，我认为这是该地区安全和该地区和平的机会。 上次我们见面时，我广泛讨论了与我们的人民近 30 年来遭受的占领、破坏和人道主义危机有关的问题。 我不想重复那个。 这是众所周知的，因为有很多游客到解放区——政治家、公众人物、记者、民间社会代表，他们亲眼目睹了亚美尼亚占领后留下的废墟。 我感谢 Nizami Ganjavi 国际中心，去年他们在舒沙组织了一次会议，我们有机会在那里见面。 我实际上是在为我们的客人提供指导，向他们展示情况。 因此，我想表达我们对战后局势以及与高加索地区战后安全有关的局势的看法。 阿塞拜疆赢得了战争。 战争是正义的，战争是不可避免的，它导致了阿塞拜疆人民的正义、国际法和民族尊严的恢复。 现在我们谈论和平。 我认为这是世界上独一无二的案例之一，经过如此长时间的对抗，在短时间内恢复了正义并击败了侵略者的国家提供了和平。 如果你看看战争的历史，在很多情况下都看不到这张照片。 但为什么我们选择和平，是因为我们希望南高加索地区稳定、可持续发展。 这是一个独特的机会。 南高加索在三个南高加索国家独立的岁月中解体了。 三十年来，它因亚美尼亚人的占领而解体。 所以，现在是建立和平、建立合作的时候了。 阿塞拜疆正在为此努力。 关于与亚美尼亚关系正常化的进程，我们建议，我们建议开始制定和平协议。 亚美尼亚没有回应。 然后我们又迈出了一步，我们提出了国际法的五项基本原则，包括相互尊重和承认两国领土完整，相互不提出任何现在和将来的领土主张，以及其他构成我们大部分内容的原则。提议。 我们很高兴看到亚美尼亚政府接受了这五项原则。 所以这是积极的动态，但现在我们需要转向实际实施。 因为我们在谈判时从占领时期的历史中知道，有时即使是亚美尼亚官员发表的高层言论也没有多大意义。 因为我们需要步骤。 阿塞拜疆已经建立了阿塞拜疆和平协议委员会，我们期望亚美尼亚也能这样做。 一旦完成，或者如果完成，谈判就会开始。 我们还提出了一项建议，开始划定我们的边界。 因为我们边界的大部分地区也被占领，从未划界。 因此，这一进程也已经开始，阿塞拜疆和亚美尼亚边境委员会的第一次联席会议于上个月在边境举行。 这也是双方在边境会面的象征，也是将取得进展的重要信息。 当然，我们知道这是一段很长的路，但它已经开始了。 同时，我们预计亚美尼亚将遵守 10 年 2020 月 XNUMX 日签署的关于开放阿塞拜疆与其纳希切万自治共和国的通信的三边声明。 不幸的是，距离亚美尼亚签署投降法案已有一年半多的时间，但到目前为止还没有进入。 这是不可接受的。 首先，这是亚美尼亚违反了三边宣言的规定，也造成了地区的一种不平衡，因为基于同一份宣言，阿塞拜疆有义务提供从亚美尼亚到阿塞拜疆卡拉巴赫地区的畅通无阻的通道。人口生活。 因此，一年半以来，亚美尼亚人都在使用拉钦公路来畅通无阻地连接，但阿塞拜疆人却无法使用穿过亚美尼亚-赞加祖尔走廊的公路将我们与纳希切万连接起来。 这不公平，也不公平。 We will never agree with that. Therefore I think that the deliberate delays from Armenian side of giving us this access is counterproductive. It reminds me of the times of negotiations when Armenia was delaying and delaying and just winning time. What was the result of that? The result was total defeat on the battlefield and on political arena. The result was that Armenian ideological basis was totally dismantled. Almost 30 years of occupation did not make Armenian people happier. On the contrary they have been known by the world community as occupants and aggressors. Now, after the war ended everybody can see what ruins they left during the times of occupation. Therefore the soonest resolution of the opening of Zangazur corridor is one of the fundamental elements of future peace in the region. If we are not given this access then it will be difficult to talk about peace and all efforts of Azerbaijan aimed at normal coexistence and normal neighborhood with Armenia will fail. This is an important issue again. Azerbaijan has a right to demand it. Armenian government signed a corresponding declaration. Second, Azerbaijan won the war as a country which suffered from occupation, and we have a moral right to demand it. Another issue which I want to draw your attention is issues related to Armenians who live in Azerbaijan. I think that the declaration which was announced by President of the European Council Mr. Charles Michel as a result of a trilateral meeting in Brussels between President Michel, myself and Prime Minister Pashinyan clearly says that rights and security of Armenian population in Karabakh also will be taken into account. We fully support it. Rights of security of all people of Azerbaijan are provided by our Constitution. Azerbaijan is a multiethnic country and the Armenian population is not the biggest ethnic minority in Azerbaijan. Therefore our Constitution provides equal rights for representatives of all ethnicities, including Armenians who live in Azerbaijan for many years. Therefore-rights and security-we will, of course, take care of that. But unfortunately, we start to hear from Armenian government words about status of the so-called “Nagorno-Karabakh” which is absolutely counterproductive and dangerous for Armenia itself, because Nagorno-Karabakh does not exist. The Nagorno-Karabakh Autonomous District was abolished in the end of 1991 by the decision of Azerbaijani Parliament. We don’t have this administrative structure on our territory. Therefore any kind of reference to the so-called “status” will lead only to a new confrontation. Armenian government should understand it and should refrain from attempts to re-write history. History is already here. It was kind of a verbal agreement that no one will talk about the status. Unfortunately, it happens and it can lead to very serious consequences, because if Armenia continues to put under question Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity then Azerbaijan will have no other choice but also put under question Armenian territorial integrity. And from historical point of view, we have much more rights to do it. Because the history of the last century clearly shows that in 1920 in November six months after sovietization of Azerbaijan, the Soviet government took historical part of Azerbaijan Zangazur and adjusted it to Armenia. Therefore, if Armenia will demand status for Armenians in Karabakh, why shouldn’t Azerbaijanis demand status for Azerbaijanis in Western Zangazur? Because it was fully inhabited by Azerbaijanis.
Another issue, which I also want you to know, is also speculations about the activity of the Minsk Group. Minsk Group was created in 1992. The mandate was to help to resolve the conflict, but de-facto activity led to zero result. Can you imagine? For 28 years a group which has a mandate from OSCE didn’t produce any result and therefore, after Azerbaijan resolved the Karabakh conflict, the need for Minsk Group activity is no longer here. And we think that everybody understands it. Especially, after Russian-Ukrainian war, it is clear that three co-chairs of the Minsk Group cannot get together and we already received these messages that the Minsk Group will not, I mean the co-chair institute of this group will not function. In other words, Minsk Group is dysfunctional. Therefore, the attempts of revival are also counter-productive. I think the best way is to say goodbye to Minsk Group, not thank you and goodbye, but only goodbye, because 30 years is enough. It is time for retirement. So, I also want to express our position that any kind of speculations in Armenia or in any other country about Minsk Group lead only to irritation in Azerbaijan. We resolved the conflict. The so-called Madrid principles, which were elaborated by the Minsk Group, have been resolved and now we need to think about how to normalize relations with Armenia and sign a peace agreement. I think we can, if both sides work in good faith, sign this peace agreement within one year. And then, the peace will come to Caucasus and our vision for Caucasus is integration. Cooperation and integration. And Azerbaijan already made on several occasions proposals to start, to make a first step. We consulted this issue with our Georgian colleagues and Georgian government is also supportive to this idea to organize a trilateral meeting on the level of foreign ministers of Azerbaijan, Georgia and Armenia in Georgia and to start this dialogue. Unfortunately, Armenia refuses. I don’t know what is the reason for that. I cannot find any explanation, any reasonable explanation. The same attempts were made, as far as I know, by some European institutions. Again, there was a refusal. If Armenia does not want to have peace in the Southern Caucasus, then there is a question, what do they want? If they want another war, it will be a catastrophe for them and they clearly understand it and I think that the government and the revanchist forces in Armenia clearly understand that will be the end of their statehood. Therefore, I think we need to get a clear answer from Armenia. How do they see the Southern Caucasus? Our position is clear. The position of Georgian government is clear. We want to start this dialogue, start this interaction and, of course, without Armenia it will not be possible.
Specially taking into account the current situation, there is a need, also, to address issues of regional importance related to ecological protection, trans-boundary rivers, which create a lot of pollution to Azerbaijan, issues related to transportation, new opportunities with respect to transit, especially taking into account that Azerbaijan is now coming closer to completion of its portion of the Zangazur corridor. The new routes, energy security can also be part of that. So, I think it is time to start, because we lost 30 years and if not for Armenian occupation, I think the Southern Caucasus today would have been a very dynamic and modern region with bigger economic potential.
And a couple of words about energy security, because it is one of the urgent issues on global agenda. Demand for Azerbaijani energy resources is growing. This February, here in this Gulustan Palace we held the annual meeting of the Southern Gas Corridor Advisory Council and it was February 4. We were just planning our future steps, but the situation in Europe has changed dramatically. Therefore, the need for Azerbaijani hydrocarbons is growing and we are trying to do all what we can in order to satisfy the growing demands from many countries. We received, during the last couple of months, requests from many European countries with respect to the gas supply and, of course, it is not easy, because first we need to produce it and we were not planning to increase gas production. Therefore, now we are working with the European Commission on this issue. We started energy dialogue with the European Commission, which covers not only gas, but also oil, electricity and hydrogen. There is great potential in Azerbaijan in renewables. We discussed it yesterday broadly with the members of the Board and we already started. We are planning to continue these efforts and already more than 700 megawatts of wind and solar generation will be in operation within a year and a half. But this is only the beginning. The potential is much greater. Already we signed preliminary agreements with respect to 4 gigawatts of renewable energy and only the potential of the Caspian Sea is 157 gigawatts. So it is a huge amount. Azerbaijan definitely without any doubt will transform into a green energy zone, will transform into a serious player on international energy markets with respect to renewables.
I don’t want to take much of your time. I want to conclude my comments, saying once again welcome and thank you for being with us and wish the Forum success. I am sure that will be the case, as usual. Thank you.
Then, the former President of Latvia, the co-chair of the Nizami Ganjavi International Center, Vaira Vike-Freiberga, spoke about the current geopolitical situation in the world and stressed the necessity of uniting efforts globally to eliminate conflicts and prevent wars.
Sharing her views on security, the new world order and ways of achieving peace, Vaira Vike-Freiberga said: "We were warmly welcomed by the President of the country, who is the host of the IX Global Baku Forum. We would like to thank Mr. President for his time to address this audience and clarification of the important historical events from the moment Azerbaijan managed to liberate its territories to the present day. The hope he gives to the people who lost their homes, territories and native lands is, of course, encouraging."
The former President of Latvia said that the steps taken in the direction of securing peace between Azerbaijan and Armenia are commendable. Highly appreciating the efforts of the European Union in this regard, Vaira Vike-Freiberga said: "As President Aliyev stressed, the good will to take part in the negotiations, the good will of his country, I think, is an example of what is needed to make progress. "
Positively assessing Azerbaijan's approach to the resolution of conflicts globally, Vaira Vike-Freiberga said: "I think that the key points we heard from President Aliyev defines the way we look at the crises we have."
Saying that wars and threats create a number of problems globally, Vaira Vike-Freiberga highly appreciated the work of the Forum in terms of finding solutions to conflicts.
Sharing the views of the former President of Latvia, the co-chair of the Nizami Ganjavi International Center, 伊斯梅尔·塞拉格尔丁, thanked for the conditions created for them and said:
“Taking this opportunity, I would like to thank President Aliyev for creating the space of freedom that he has provided for us over the years both in the global Baku forum and in other meetings of the Nizami Ganjavi center. We are under his auspices. We have always felt free to explore, to listen to the diversity of views and to hopefully come up with sound ideas from people of experience and good will.”
The President of Albania, Ilir Meta, stressed the necessity of strengthening the role of the United Nations in the fair resolution of problems on the international level. He called on the world powers to increase their international efforts in order to prevent wars. Thanking the government of Azerbaijan for the conditions created for such discussions, President 伊拉尔元 说过：
“I take the opportunity to express once again my gratitude for the support provided by Azerbaijan and President Aliyev for the successful implementation of Trans-Adriatic Pipeline and Ionian-Adriatic Pipelines in Albania and in our region.”
Stressing the necessity of joining forces in fighting the pandemic, strengthening global integration and expanding cooperation, Ilir Meta again thanked the organizers of this important event in Baku.
Then, the chairman of the Presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 舍菲克·扎费罗维奇, said during his speech:
“Dear President Aliyev, I wish you success in the efforts of restoration of Karabakh. I wish you success in the full implementation of the agreements you achieved following the second Karabakh war and the protection of Azerbaijan’s territorial integrity within the framework of international law”.
Šefik Džaferović underlined the importance of cementing international cooperation to make sure that our future world is without conflicts and safe. With specific facts, he stressed the necessity of conducting reforms in the UN.
Speaking afterwards, the President of Georgia Salome Zurabishvili shared her views on peace, security, fundamental human rights and shortage of food and energy. Stressing that establishing peace in the South Caucasus is one of the key issues nowadays, she said:
“I welcome the participation of the European Union in the peace talks and the confidence building process between Azerbaijan and Armenia”.
The Director-General of the World Health Organization (WHO), Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus, also expressed satisfaction with his participation in the discussions. Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus said that although a lot of work had been done in the world to ensure vaccination, it was not enough yet. Stressing the necessity of fundamentally improving the international healthcare system, he said:
“As the WHO, we should highly appreciate the efforts of Azerbaijan in fighting the pandemic. I am very happy to see that the infection and mortality rates in Azerbaijan are at the lowest level since the onset of the pandemic”.
The Director-General of the WHO stressed that the heavy consequences of wars adversely affect the world healthcare system, as well, and added that specific actions should be taken in this regard.
The former Prime Minister of Turkey, Binali耶尔德勒姆，表示以下内容：
“Dear chairman, at the beginning of my speech, I would like to express my gratitude to His Excellency President Ilham Aliyev for the high level of hospitality towards us. I would like to say that I am pleased to take part in this Forum, which the Nizami Ganjavi International Center has already turned into a tradition, and I would like to thank distinguished Ismail Serageldin and Vaira Vike-Freiberga for the invitation to participate in this event”.
Binali Yildirim brought to the attention of the participants with concrete facts that consecutive and systemic work had been carried out in Turkey in order to restore international justice. Emphasizing that the South Caucasus should turn into an arena of peace, friendship and cooperation, he said:
“There are many examples of that. As His Excellency President Ilham Aliyev put it, no result had been achieved in the resolution of the Karabakh conflict over 26 years despite the attempts made by the UN, the OSCE Minsk Group and other international organizations. However, Azerbaijan liberated its occupied territories with its own resources and power following the 44-day Patriotic War”.
The Director-General of the United Nations at Geneva, Tatiana Valovaya, thanked the Nizami Ganjavi International Center for approaching the discussion of issues concerning the world with special sensitivity and President Ilham Aliyev for creating the conditions for discussing such issues as climate change, food safety and others. She said:
“I would like to express my deep appreciation to His Excellency President Aliyev for the warm welcome and hospitality and the Nizami Ganjavi International Center for the organization of the IX Global Baku Forum. I am also happy to visit Baku again, which I visited many times before and which has ancient history besides being a modern city. I am looking forward to seeing the change here again.”
Saying that the pandemic has more distinctly revealed the social injustice across the world and the international community must intensify efforts to cope with this problem successfully, Tatiana Valovaya spoke about the work done in order to carry out the responsibilities of the UN in this direction. She said that there is much more to be done to eliminate the consequences of COVID-19 on our planet.
The eighth Secretary-General of the Arab League, the former Foreign Minister of Egypt, 艾哈迈德·阿布尔·盖特, said that the topic of the Forum is important for discussion. He thanked the President of Azerbaijan for the continuous support for the Global Baku Forum and the hospitality and said:
“Let me, first of all, briefly address President Ilham Aliyev, Mr. President, it is the first time I have participated in the Baku Forum. I have been to this city three times as foreign minister. Last, I was here in 2009. But, I have to tell you, Mr. President, how much I have been admired by the development of the city. You have turned it into a big and modern city and I welcome your achievements”.
The former foreign minister of Egypt stressed the importance of taking required steps to achieve peace and build a safer world amid crises and uncertainties in the world.
Speaking at the end, the co-chair of the Nizami Ganjavi International Center, 伊斯梅尔·塞拉格尔丁, wished the Forum success and said:
“Mr. President, we should have the courage to dream and we should believe in the power of our dreams, but we need to take root in the realities of the present day and the future. We should make sure that we can move from conflict to peace, from fear to safety and from national security to human security at a time when all of us go forward in order to live in a greater diversification”.
“Mr. President, you have given us this space and freedom at the Global Baku Forum and we are looking forward to having discussions on diversification by trying to be worth of the wisdom of our ancestors and probably making contributions to the generations that will come after us. Bu saying so, Mr. President, I we would like to thank you for allocating so much time for us and declare the Global Baku Forum officially open. We hope to be together with you and report to you at the end of the Forum. Thank you. I declare the session closed”.
The Forum continued with panel sessions.
The Nizami Ganjavi International Center has become a significant international centre, which explores ways of solution to global problems and informs the world community. It is because of this fact that interest in the events organized by the Center increases from year to year.
Representatives of more than 50 countries and reputable international organizations are taking part in the Global Baku Forum, which is this time devoted to the topic, of Challenges to the Global World Order. The Forum, which lasts till 18 June, will see productive discussions on such important topics as key problems threatening the world order, including the prospects of ensuring peace and security in the world, ways of resolution of threats to energy security, peace, cooperation and integration in sensitive regions, growing injustices in the globalized world and transformation of food and agriculture sectors to prevent poverty.