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新大学排名

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布鲁塞尔通讯员

教育学

A new university ranking, set up with funding from the European Union, is being publicly launched under the Irish EU Presidency in Dublin today (30 January). The new ‘multi-dimensional’ listing marks a departure from traditional approaches to ranking university performance, most of which focus disproportionately on research excellence. Instead, it will rate universities according to a broader range of factors, in five separate areas: reputation for research, quality of teaching and learning, international orientation, success in knowledge transfer (such as partnerships with business and start-ups), and contribution to regional growth. Some 500 universities from Europe and across the world are expected to sign up to take part in the ranking and the first results will be published in early 2014.

Speaking ahead of the launch, Androulla Vassiliou, European Commissioner for Education, Culture, Multilingualism and Youth said: “Universities are one of Europe’s most successful inventions, but we cannot rest on our laurels. We need to think and act more strategically to realise the full potential of our universities. To do that, we need better information about what they offer and how well they perform. Existing rankings tend to highlight research achievements above all, but U-Multirank will give students and institutions a clear picture of their performance across a range of important areas. This knowledge will help students to choose the university or college that is best for them. It will also contribute to the modernisation and quality of higher education by enabling universities to identify their strengths or weaknesses and learn from each other’s experience; finally, it will give policy makers a more complete view of their higher education systems so that they can strengthen their country’s performance as a whole.”

The conference launching the ranking will be opened by the Irish Minister for Education and Skills, Ruairi Quinn. He said: “As higher education becomes ever more crucial to Europe’s social, cultural and economic well-being, the need for quality and diversity in our higher education systems grows greater. The Irish Presidency is strongly committed to helping support the roll-out of this next phase of U-Multirank. I urge higher education institutions to seize this opportunity to participate in building a ranking system which will shine a light on the many positive aspects of higher education activity across Europe for the benefit of students, institutional leaders, policy makers and other stakeholders.”

In addition to providing an authoritative ranking comparing institutions, U-Multirank will also rate universities in four specific subject areas: business studies, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering and physics.除了提供权威的排名比较机构外,U-Multirank还将在四个特定学科领域对大学进行评级:商业研究,机械工程,电气工程和物理学。 The list of specific disciplines will be gradually expanded in future years.未来几年,具体学科的清单将逐步扩大。

由德国高等教育中心(CHE)和荷兰高等教育政策研究中心(CHEPS)牵头的独立财团将对排名进行汇总。 合作伙伴包括莱顿大学科学技术研究中心(CWTS),信息专业人员Elsevier,贝塔斯曼基金会和软件公司Folge3。该财团还将与代表学生,大学和企业的国家级排名合作伙伴和利益相关者组织合作,以确保完整性和准确性。

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The new ranking will be impartial, based on measurable criteria and data. Its multi-dimensional approach makes its suitable for any university or college seeking feedback on its performance. Individual users will also be able to obtain a ‘personalised’ ranking reflecting their particular needs; this will allow them to obtain information on the institutions or disciplines which most interest them and to weight the criteria according to their own preferences.

U-Multirank倡议是一项高潮的倡议,该倡议起源于在2008年法国法国担任欧盟轮值主席国期间组织的一次会议,该会议要求根据反映国际背景下各种卓越维度的方法,建立新的大学排名。

欧盟委员会随后委托了一个可行性研究,该研究由一个名为CHERPA的高等教育和研究组织财团进行,并于2011年完成。该研究基于与欧洲和世界各地150所高等教育机构的合作,证实了多维排名的概念和实现是现实的。 已经开发了在线调查工具来收集所需的数据。 该联盟还将与现有的国家排名合作,以避免不得不向大学多次提出相同的问题。

U-Multirank将于2-2013年度从“终身学习计划”中获得欧盟总计14万欧元的资助,并可能在2015-2016年再获得两年的种子资金。 目标是让一个独立的组织在此之后进行排名。

 

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EU Reporter 发表来自各种外部来源的文章,表达了广泛的观点。 这些文章中的立场不一定是欧盟记者的立场。
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